The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning: Why the Universe Is Not Designed by Victor J. Stenger

By Victor J. Stenger

A couple of authors have famous that if a few actual parameters have been a little bit replaced, the universe may well not help lifestyles, as we all know it. this suggests that lifestyles relies sensitively at the physics of our universe. Does this "fine-tuning" of the universe additionally recommend writer god deliberately calibrated the preliminary stipulations of the universe such that lifestyles on the earth and the evolution of humanity could ultimately emerge? a few influential scientists, akin to nationwide Institutes of healthiness Director Francis Collins, imagine so. Others move even additional, announcing that technological know-how "has came upon God."
during this in-depth, lucid dialogue of this interesting and debatable subject, physicist Victor J. Stenger appears on the comparable proof and springs to the other end. He states on the outset that as a physicist he'll pass anyplace the information takes him, whether it leads him to God. yet after decades of study in particle physics and pondering its implications, he reveals that the observations of technological know-how and our bare senses not just convey no proof for God, they supply facts past an affordable doubt that God doesn't exist.
Stenger argues that a number of the claims via theists are in line with their false impression of the technological know-how. He seems to be on the particular parameters and exhibits that believable purposes are available for the values they've got in the present general versions of physics and cosmology. those versions are brought intimately in order that the reader has the history had to comprehend the function of the parameters claimed to be fine-tuned and choose the veracity of the arguments.
He additionally discusses comparable matters reminiscent of even if the universe had a starting, what quantum mechanics implies concerning the involvement of human recognition in affecting fact, and even if facts are available in nature for a divine plan.
Although Stenger has touched with reference to fine-tuning in different books, this can be his so much thorough exploration of a subject that keeps to intrigue scientists and the lay public alike.

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John Chrysostom as apologist (Analekta Vlatadon) by Margaret Amy Schatkin

By Margaret Amy Schatkin

PREFACE.11-12
INTRODUCTION.13-42
PURPOSE.13-14
APOLOGETICS DEFINED.14-16
EARLY CHRISTIAN APOLOGESTICS.16-18
APOLOGESTICS in the THEOLOGICAL process OF JOHN CHRYSOSTOM.18-30
THEOLOGY AS UNDERSTOOD by way of CHRYSOSTOM. CHRYSTOSTOM'S CONSEPT OF APOLOGESTICS. THE INVINCIBILITY OF fact; CONDESCENSION. the 2 components OF APOLOGETICS.18-30
CHOISE OF WORKS TO BE STUDIED.30-40
THE PROLIFIC WRITINGS OF CHRYSOSTOM. RELEVENCE AND MATERIALITY OF THE WORKS selected. 30-40
METHOD.40-42
THE INCOMPREHENSIBILITY OF GOD.43-78
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND.43-51
THE EUNOMIAN place at the KNOWABILITY OF GOD. THE CHRISTIAN culture at the INCOMPREHENSIBILITY OF GOD.43-51
CHRYSOSTOM'S HOMILES DE INCOMPREHENSIBILI.51-78
THE ANOMOEANS AS A HERESY - approach to CHRYSOSTOM'S APOLOGETIC - LOGICAL - PRAGMATIC - religious - content material OF CHRYSOSTOM'S APOLOGETIC - THE ESCHATOLOGICAL ARGUMENT -THE restrict OF HUMAN KNOWLEGDE - the idea that OF degree - GOD'S ATTRIBUTES ARE INCOPREHENSIBLE TO males - THE IMPIETY OF INVESTIGATING GOD - PERIERGIA: historical past OF THE ACCUSATION - GOD is meaningless TO THE HEAVENLY POWERS - GOD IS COPREHENDED basically by means of THE SON AND THE SPIRIT, OR via HIMSELF - it's most unlikely to call GOD'S ESSENCE.51-78
PROVIDENCE.79-158
GENERAL INTRODUCTION.79-82
QUOD NEMO LAEDITUR NISI A SE IPSO.82-105
LITERATY style - topic - ANALYSIS.82-105

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Religion und Sozialkapital: Ein doppelter Kulturvergleich by Richard Traunmüller

By Richard Traunmüller

Die Rolle der faith für die Entstehung sozialen Kapitals – d. h. zivilgesellschaftliche Netzwerke und soziales Vertrauen – ist sowohl theoretisch als auch empirisch hoch ambivalent. Richard Traunmüller zeigt die Bedingungen auf, unter denen faith als vorpolitische Grundlage der Demokratie gelten kann und unter welchen nicht. Er nimmt zu diesem Zweck eine doppelt kulturvergleichende Perspektive ein und argumentiert, dass das Verhältnis zwischen Religiosität und sozialem Kapital sowohl im Vergleich von verschiedenen Religionsgruppen als auch im Vergleich verschiedener nationaler Kontexte variiert und dadurch einer systematischen sozialwissenschaftlichen Erklärung zugeführt werden kann.

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The study of religious language (The Library of philosophy by Anders Jeffner

By Anders Jeffner

CONTENTS
Introduction
I Terminological Remarks
Definition of 'religious language'
2 Analytical terminology
II non secular Statements
'The not easy set of non secular sentences'
2 Are any spiritual sentences participants of the problematic
set?
3 Are any sentences belonging to the tricky set of
religious sentences statements with their localization in the
real world?
4 Are a few spiritual sentences within the complicated set direct
statements with a localization except the true global?
5 Does the complicated set of non secular sentences contain
any oblique statements?
6 Does any thought of metaphors or symbols or analogies or
models clear up the matter of non secular statements?
III spiritual Expressions and Prescriptions
Expressions of emotive and conative impulses in religious
men
2 Expressions ascribed to God or to supernatural beings
3 Sentences expressing a 'perspective'
4 Examples of difficulties raised via an emotive concept of
value
5 extra questions touching on non secular prescriptions
IV non secular Performatives
Conditions for the proper use of a performative
2 The type of non secular performatives go
3 The research of spiritual performatives
4 The achieve in choosing and analysing performatives in
religious language
V The Epistemological Basis
Eschatological verification
2 non secular experience
3 religion as interpretation
4 A idea illustrating the last word offerings in judging
religious language

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Analytic Philosophy of Religion (Handbook of Contemporary by James F. Harris

By James F. Harris

While Gene lengthy, editor of Kluwer's guide of latest Philosophy of faith sequence, first invited me to write down the quantity on Analytic Philosophy of faith, I accredited with nice enthusiasm. My simply reason behind that enthusiasm now could be that i used to be more youthful and extra naive on the time. quickly after beginning paintings at the quantity, my enthusiasm was once dampened via the daunting importance of the duty. i started as a sprinter and speedy settled into the velocity of a long-distance runner. even supposing I thought of myself good learn within the topic, I quickly chanced on that I had loads of study to do to be convinced that I had thought of the entire significant contributions to many of the discussions, matters, and of faith. As I learn increasingly more difficulties stumbled on inside analytic philosophy books and articles, i noticed that I had rushed right into a territory already good trodden by way of the angels. i'm drastically inspired via the sophistication and subtlety of philosophical argument that symbolize the several debates in modern analytic philosophy of faith. This quantity covers an enormous volume of fabric. i've got endeavored to supply the fairest attainable examining of alternative authors, and, in situations the place I contain my very own severe reviews and improve my very own positions, i've got endeavored to supply the most powerful attainable interpretations of the positions I criticize.

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Religion und Familienpolitik: Deutschland, Belgien, by Birgit Fix

By Birgit Fix

Faith hat die Entstehung und Entwicklung familienpolitischer Maßnahmen in Westeuropa nachhaltig beeinflusst. Die Kirchen, ihre Verbände und die christdemokratischen Parteien stellen dabei wichtige Akteure dar. Die Studie zeichnet nach, in welchem Umfang diese Organisationen die Familienpolitik gestaltet haben. Im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit stehen die klassischen familienpolitischen Felder Mutterschutz, Erziehungsurlaub, Kinderbetreuung und Kindergeld. Untersucht werden Deutschland, Belgien, Österreich und die Niederlande. Die familienpolitischen Variationen zwischen diesen Ländern werden durch eine systematische Gesellschaftsanalyse der kulturellen, ökonomischen und politischen Institutionenordnung erklärt.

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Rezeption Und Wirkung Des Dekalogs in Jüdischen Und by J. Cornelis de Vos

By J. Cornelis de Vos

J. Cornelis de Vos examines the effect and reception of the Decalogue as much as 2 hundred CE, scrutinizing the models of the Decalogue, and the background of the Decalogue in historic Jewish writings, the recent testomony, and early Christian writings. just about all texts convey an interconnection of identification and normativity: the Decalogue features as an expression of basic ethical recommendations of socio-religious teams. while, those teams increase the Decalogue with normativity occasionally even increasing on it to make it a textual content that generates their very own identification. this is often the 1st learn that offers an in-depth and non-stop research of the early heritage of the Decalogue. Der Wirkung und Rezeption des Dekalogs bis 2 hundred n.Chr. widmet sich J. Cornelis de Vos in dieser Studie. Dafur erforscht er zunachst die alten Textzeugen der beiden Dekalogfassungen, um anschliessend zu fragen, wie die Zehn Gebote bei antik-judischen Autoren, im Neuen testomony sowie in fruhchristlichen Schriften aufgenommen wurden. Es zeigt sich eine Verbindung von Normativitat und Identitat: Der Dekalog gilt zumeist als Ausdruck der moralischen Grundauffassungen sozioreligioser Gruppen; er wird gleichzeitig von diesen Gruppen mit Normativitat aufgeladen manchmal sogar erweitert gerade um als Identitat stiftend fur die eigene Gruppe zu gelten. Dies ist die erste Studie, die eine detaillierte und durchgehende Geschichte des Dekalogs in der Antike beschreibt."

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Zwischen Glaube und Wissenschaft: Theologie in Christentum by Mohammad Gharaibeh, Esnaf Begic, Hansjörg Schmid, Christian

By Mohammad Gharaibeh, Esnaf Begic, Hansjörg Schmid, Christian Ströbele

In Christentum und Islam gibt es unterschiedliche Wege, den Glauben theologisch-wissenschaftlich zu reflektieren. Dieser Band liefert Anlass, in einem dialogischen Rahmen neu über Theologie nachzudenken. Dabei sind sowohl geschichtliche Wechselwirkungen als auch gemeinsame Herausforderungen in der Gegenwart prägend. Wie kann Theologie Offenbarung und religiöse Erfahrungen denken und interpretieren? Welche kritische Funktion kommt ihr im Blick auf die Gesellschaft zu?

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